The term Black (with the capital ‘B’) is a broad political term, as sometimes there is a need to talk in a broader and more general collective, especially when talking about structural discrimination and disadvantage, and it is in this context that we use the term Black.
It is used as in an inclusive sense to describe contemporary people in Britain whose heritage includes those who suffered colonialism and enslavement, and who continue to experience racism and diminished opportunities in modern-day society. It’s a political term which has been most used routinely in anti-racist campaigns from the ‘70s onwards, and in the union movement. The term Black grew at a time when there was a need to create unity in our fight against deep-rooted racism that sees people disadvantaged because of the colour of their skin.
It’s not intended to diminish the struggles that other specific ethnically diverse communities face, and while some of those challenges differ, the roots of colonialism and discrimination remain entrenched in the political divisions that have been created in our collective history, and which continue today.
That’s not to say that this is the right way to refer to a group of communities, as different ethnicities have different and unique experiences which we must recognise.